PSSC Presentations / Exhibits

The PSSC membership wishes to share their passion for things philatelic by making available some of their presentations for all to enjoy. Below you will find exhibits big and small, PowerPoint presentations, Show-and-Tell pages, the occasional video and more as members submit items.

Thematic - The Atom

THE ATOM

By: Alusio, Frank (2005)

This exhibit showcases the evolution of the atom. It starts with its origins in Ancient Greece, then highlights key scientific breakthroughs until World War II. After the war, nations worked together to regulate nuclear weapons, eventually leading to both destructive and peaceful applications of atomic energy. 131

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Great Britain

THE RETURNED LETTER WRAPPERS OF THE LONDON 1D/2D POST – 1797- 1832

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2022)

This exhibit shows the wrappers used in the London District Post Office to return undeliverable letters. The period covered includes the 1797 precursor wrapper of the Penny Post Office and the 1802 to 1832 wrappers of the Two Penny Post Office. 130

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Great Britain

RETURNING UK UNDELIVERABLE PARCELS

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2021)

The exhibit shows how undeliverable parcels were treated in the UK Returned Letter Offices and Branches from the start of Parcel Post in 1883 and from 1907 in Head Post Offices. It concentrates on the specially printed labels used on items re-issued or returned free. 129

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Great Britain

DEMISE OF UK POSTAGE DUE STAMPS – RISE OF SELF-ADHESIVE LABELS & CARDS FROM 1990s

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2020)

From 1914 the primary means of collecting postage due from residential and small business customers was by attaching postage due stamps. The mail carrier had to collect payment on the doorstep. This was unpopular with the public, the mail carrier, and not cost effective for the Post Office.

This exhibit shows selected examples to illustrate the transition starting in the early 1990s to a system of self-adhesive labels to replace postage due handstamps and cards to notify customers that mail was being held in the delivery office for payment of postage due 128

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EMPRESS OF IRELAND - Recovered Mail

DEAD LETTER OFFICE HANDLING OF MAIL RECOVERED FROM THE EMPRESS OF IRELAND IN THE FALL OF 1914

By: Morel, Gilles (2024)

At 1:41 am on May 29, 1914, the RMS Empress of Ireland was struck by the Norwegian collier Storstad and sank in 14 minutes. This devastating event claimed the lives of 1012 individuals, making it the largest maritime disaster in Canada's history. Rescue efforts were able to save 465 lives. The collision occurred during a dense fog near the mouth of the St. Lawrence River. In a remarkable feat, divers were able to recover mail from a depth of 40 meters underwater. Gilles, who grew up just 20 miles away from the site of the sinking developed a deep fascination with the philately related to the tragedy later in life. In addition to examining existing recovered mail, Gilles also delved into archival documentation to uncover the story of how the Dead Letter Office (DLO) handled the recovered mail. 127

  Video (59 min)

Bangkok

A FAMILY CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN SAIGON/BANGKOK/RUSSIA AND FRANCE 1883 TO 1921

By: Houde, Michel (2023)

Count de Kergaradec (1841-1894) was a French naval officer and diplomat who served in Cochinchina, Siam, and Russia. In 1869, he was assigned to Cochinchine where he participated in military operations against warlords. His extensive knowledge of the region made him a trusted advisor on strategies to establish French control. While most of his letters were sent by him from Bangkok to his wife in Angers, France, there are family letters from before and after his time in Bangkok to complete the story. 126

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Parcel Post

FOOD FOR BRITAIN CAMPAIGN - 1946-1949

By: Watson, Gary (2024)

For many years I have been fascinated by the variety in and the intricacies of Parcel Post. Today, I am concentrating on one small aspect of parcel Post. Between 1946 and 1948, individual Australians and businesses contributed mightily to the welfare of families in what was still, to most, from whence they had originated, Great Britain.

The situation in the mid-1940s was, of course, the product of the privations of World War II, which raged from September 1939 until September 1945, with the capitulation of Japan.

Literally millions of gift packages of non-perishable foodstuffs were shipped to the Old Country, where the population was experiencing often stringent rationing of petroleum products, clothing and, most importantly, food. They weren't starving but they were doing it tough. 125

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  Video (51min)

Yves Baril Engraver

YVES BARIL: MASTER ENGRAVER

By: LeBlond, Pascal (2024)

The most prolific engraver in Canada was Yves Baril who worked for 43 years (1953-1996) at the Canadian Bank Note Company (CBNC) in Ottawa, engraving not only stamps, but also bank notes, shares and bond certificates, labels, and coupons.

Much of what we now know about the stamp engravers working at the CBNC from the 1940s to the 1970s we owe to Yves Baril through his notebooks and his personal and unique collection of first day covers which he donated to Library and Archives Canada (LAC). This presentation demonstrates how his own records enhance our understanding of the creation of Canadian stamps 124

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  Video (1h)

Ruperts Land, Red River Settlement

Mail Routes of Rupert’s Land and the Red River Settlement

By: Gliedman, Chip (2024)

The fur trade paved the way for westward expansion and settlement in the northern half of the North American continent. For almost 200 years, the Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) acted as the de facto government over Rupert’s Land – a 1.5 million square mile land grant stretching from western Ontario to the Rocky Mountains. HBC couriers passed letters along canoe relays that spanned the continent. Settlers began to arrive in the mid-1830s. HBC supply ships delivered mail through York Factory on Hudson’s Bay once or twice a year. In 1850, the opening of a post office at Pembina in the Minnesota Territory finally allowed more regular communications. Couriers used ox carts to bring mail and supplies to and from the settlements, connecting with American and British/Canadian mails. The establishment of the Province of Manitoba in 1870 and regular domestic mail service marked an end to this pioneer period. 123

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  Video (1h 9 min)

Ottmar Zieher Philatelic Postcards

The Ottmar Zieher Philatelic Postcards - “The Ozees”

By: McLaughlin, David (2023)

In the first decade of the 20th century both philately and deltiology were popular hobbies and postcard publishers soon began to produce Philatelic Postcards with stamp facsimiles of various countries. First and foremost, among Philatelic Postcard publishers in this regard was Ottmar Zieher of Munich, Germany. Little research has been published in this area. This presentation explores Zieher’s first series, design types, variations, probable sources of stamp models, worldwide network of local distributors and publishers, and ways in which businesses used Philatelic Postcards to promote businesses and products. Further information is included in an article titled “Local Publishers of Ottmar Zieher’s Philatelic Postcards” in the PSSC anthology, The Edge of Philately, available under the publications tab on this website. 122

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Canada - Special Delivery

CANADIAN SPECIAL DELIVERY SERVICE - FORMS AND LABELS

By: Villeneuve, Raymond (2023)

With the introduction of Special Delivery service in Canada in 1898, the Post Office Department used a number of forms and labels to improve the efficiency of this service to distinguishing the Special Delivery letters and articles from the regular mail.

Each Special Delivery form is introduced, and its multiple uses are illustrated along with any special characteristic of the Special Delivery item. 121

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  Video (44 min)

Postal History - Research

THE 4 “R’S” OF POSTAL HISTORY

By: Krische, Harold (2023)

The presentation ‘, uses the experiences associated with Harold’s latest publication, ‘American Aid for German War Prisoners: A Postal History’, to reflect upon, and delineate, key aspects of the role of a postal historian: Rabbit Holes, Research, Reflection & Revelation, and Representation. 120

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  Video (59 min)

HONG KONG

HONG KONG FOR SPECIALISTS

By: Nessel, Ingo (2023)

This is an essay showcasing of some of the specialties available to collectors of Hong Kong philately. It is premised on several of the formal exhibiting classes:
• Postal History – subdivided into Treaty Ports and Branch Post Offices
• Traditional – a treatment of the 5¢ Hong Kong Wilding definitive of 1954
• Revenues – including the adhesives, their usages on commercial documents, and revenue stamps repurposed for postal use as well as postage stamps repurposed for revenue use. 119

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CANADA - PORT HOOD PROVISIONALS

PORT HOOD PROVISIONALS - A CENTURY LONG CONTROVERSY

By: Smith, Gordon (2023)

In its January 1899 issue, Gibbons Stamp Monthly announced the appearance of covers bearing 3 cent stamps that had been vertically bisected in one third and two third pieces and that some were surcharged with a figure 2 or 3 to denote their value. In April 1899, Gibbons Stamp Monthly quoted an extract from a letter from the postmaster of Port Hood, which stated that the change in postal rates caused the office to run out of 2 cent stamps and that to keep accounting straight, he cut 3 cent stamps into one-third and two-thirds pieces. 118

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AUSTRALIA - TRANS-TASMAN 1935

TRANS-TASMAN 1935: A ‘SIGNIFICANT’ COMMEMORATIVE FLIGHT

By: Donen, Neil (2023)

In May 1935, Sir Charles Kingsford Smith had to abandon a commemorative flight between Australia and New Zealand honouring the Silver Jubilee of King George V.

The presentation provides introductory background information on the crew and the flight. A series of philatelic vignettes (New Zealand air mail stamps, documentation of recipients of the saved mail, “First” all-air flight to England, mail received too late for the flight and unofficial mail carried by the crew) related to the flight form the major part of the presentation. 117

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  Video (1h 0min)

AEROPHILATELY

AUTHORS OF PHILATELIC SPECIALISTS LOOK AT AEROPHILATELY (SECOND SESSION)

By: Gray Scrimgeour, Ken Snelson, David Hanes (2023)

The program consists of three presentations by authors of articles in the Anthology. The first part, by four of the authors, occurred on 15 February 2023. It was also recorded.

The brief summaries do not do full justice to the articles in the Anthology. You are encouraged to download the complete book free from the Publications Area of the PSSC website. https://philatelicspecialistssociety.com 116

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  Video (1h 22min)

How to - Revising the Canadian Air Mail Catalogue

The New Canadian Air Mail Catalogue

By: Hargreaves, Chris (2023)

THE AIR MAILS OF CANADA AND NEWFOUNDLAND is both a comprehensive listing of Pioneer, Semi-official, Post Office and Airline flight covers, and a guide to many other aspects of Canadian airmail such as rates, aerograms, and Air Mail endorsements. The first edition published in 1997, was 560 pages in length. In 2014 the author was asked to be editor-in-chief for the revised edition. The presentation explains how 25 years of new listings and corrections from The Canadian Aerophilatelist, quarterly journal of the Canadian Aerophilatelic Society was consolidated into the new 2022 edition and kept it to only 80 more pages. 115

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  Video (1hr 4min)

How To - Research Canadian WW 1 Military Mail

Researching Canadian WW 1 Military Mail

By: Schnarr, Wayne (2023)

Mail to and from military personnel in World War 1 are key components of Canadian history. There is a story behind every piece of mail and these stories should be researched. There are three components to researching military mail – a research objective, a research strategy, and access to relevant information. The author uses examples to highlight some of the many potential sources of information which can help the researcher achieve their objective. 114

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NEW ZEALAND - UNDERPRINTED ADVERTISING STAMPS

THE NEW ZEALAND UNDERPRINTED ADVERTISING STAMPS

By: Carswell, Robert (2023)

In the 1890s the New Zealand postal authorities called for tenders for the right to put advertising messages on the backs of nine denominations of the postage and revenue stamps known as “Second Sidefaces”, featuring the portrait of Queen Victoria. This would become known as “underprinting”. The idea was to raise money for the government. The first underprinted stamps were issued in February 1893. They immediately raised a storm of controversy, as the NZ citizens did not want their government to foster private enterprise. The objections were so strong that the government decided in short order to terminate the program. The last NZ Adverts were sold in September 1893 – so the fundraising initiative had lasted only 7½ months. 113

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  Video (32min)

AEROPHILATELY

AUTHORS OF PHILATELIC SPECIALISTS LOOK AT AEROPHILATELY (FIRST SESSION)

By: Cheryl Ganz, David Foot, Chris Hargreaves, and Ingo Nessel (2023)

The program consisted of four short presentations by authors of articles in the Anthology. The 21 June 2023, Zoom meeting will have additional presentations by authors of the articles not covered in this meeting.

The brief summaries do not do full justice to the articles in the Anthology. You are encouraged to download the complete book free from the PSSC website. 112

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  Video (1 hr 15 min)

NOVA SCOTIA - GUYSBOROUGH

POSTAL HISTORY OF GUYSBOROUGH NOVA SCOTIA 1838-1946

By: Sodero, Jane (2023)

Guysborough, Nova Scotia is typical of many small communities across Canada in the development of its post office and the postal markings used. Through the 1800s, Guysborough, located on the shore of Chedabucto Bay near the Strait of Canso, became the mercantile and government centre for the agricultural and fishing communities of the eastern end of Guysborough County. The rural communities did not produce much mail and certainly very little to foreign destinations. In terms of collecting, this does provide a certain challenge. 111

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  Video (37min)

PHOTO MAILERS

PHOTO MAILERS

By: Mclaughlin, David (2023)

In the 1850s just over 10 years after Daguerre commercialized his photographic process in France in 1839 photographic studios were operating in the Canadas. The photographs were mailed to customers in soft cardboard photo mailers. These also served to promote the photographer’s business. Beyond the Victorian era, photo mailers allow collectors perhaps a unique opportunity to trace the complete rise and fall of an industry that relied on postal services to serve its customers. 110

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AIRGRAPHS

POLAND ILLUSTRATED AIRGRAPHS

By: Dziemianczuk, Wladyslaw (2023)

Starting in 1943, the Polish Field Post office, which operated in United Kingdom, officially introduced for soldiers' use, illustrated airgraphs with Christmas and Easter greetings, as well as commemorative and Polish National motifs. 109

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WWII

ENMITY and GRATITUDE in WORLD WAR II

By: Freeman, Sandy (2022)

An 8-frame patriotic and propaganda exhibit, chronologically formatted by date. Includes artist signed and industry issued postcards, vignettes, cachet covers and satirical private letters. 108

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PRINTING METHODS

STAMP PRINTING METHODS AND STYLES

By: Newroth, Peter (2022)

The display includes efforts to prevent forgery (in part use of the best technology of the time), stamp design, paper recycling, and printers' adaptations to use what they had at hand.

Thanks to Peter Newroth for allowing his VICPEX 2022 "One Frame" display to be place on the PSSC website. 107

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JAPANESE OCCUPATION Issues

JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF SOUTH EAST ASIA DURING WWII

By: Gosse, Tom (2022)

By 1942 the Japanese occupied many countries in SE Asia. The presentation shows how the Japanese operated such an incredibly large postal network. They used existing postal services and philatelic items and obliterated anything that they considered needed censorship. The presentation includes items from Brunei, Burma, Dutch East Indies, Hong Kong, Malaya, North Borneo, Philippines, and Sarawak. 106

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  Video (57min)

BELGIUM

PHILATELIC EXPOSITION SPECIAL PRINTING: BELGIUM’S FIRST MONTENEZ ISSUE

By: Redner DR. Gregg (2022)

The stamp was the work of Georges Montenez (1873-1930) from Belgium. The topic of this presentation is the ‘Special Printing’ which was produced as a souvenir sheet for the 1921 Brussels International Philatelic Exhibit.

The stamp was released in a special printing in the form of a 50-centime stamp on May 26th, 1921. It features a very finely engraved profile portrait of King Albert I, in a circular white frame, surrounded by a wreath of laurel and oak leaves. The country name is inscribed bi-lingually in Flemish and French. 105

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  Video (47min)

FORGERS - PATRONI – BNA

PATRONI – A “NEWLY ATTRIBUTED” BNA FORGER

By: Pugh, Ken (2022)

This presentation is based on Kem Pugh’s book dealing with the forgeries by Giovanni Patroni. There is much to be done in identifying all of Patroni’s forgeries. Patroni’s BNA forgeries are not well identified in the literature, and they are often attributed to other forgers such as Zechmeyer and Spiro. Gerhard Lang-Valchs was instrumental in identifying several of them in correspondence with Ken. 104

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  Video (38min)

Being a philatelic specialist

FROM PHILATELIST TO SPECIALIST

By: Houde, Michel (2022)

Members of the Philatelic Specialists Society of Canada (PSSC) were surveyed as to why and how they became specialists, what they gain from being a specialist and what it allows them to give back to the hobby.

The results might be used to encourage others to become philatelists. 103

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Graf Zeppelin

PROVING FLIGHTS OF THE GRAF ZEPPELIN

By: Selby, Les (2022)

Ferdinand von Zeppelin was a retired Prussian General when he decided to devote his attention to developing a rigid airship that could be used for both commercial and military purposes. Construction on his first dirigible, LZ-1, began in late 1898. On July 2nd, 1900, Zeppelin lifted off in LZ-1 for a flight that lasted 20 minutes. By 1908, Count Zeppelin had enough financial support that he could establish the Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH to produce rigid airships commercially. In 1909 he founded the world's first airline, the Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-Aktiengesellschaft (DELAG), which used zeppelins to fly both paying passengers and VIPs on pleasure trips around Germany. 102

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  Video (1hr)

Canada - unauthorized precancels

UNAUTHORIZED PRECANCEL STAMPS AND COVERS

By: Pickney, Lawrence (2022)

The First officially Precancelled stamps were authorized by The Post Office in 1889. They were labeled “Style A” to “Style N” and were a variety of bars and dashed lines. These various Styles along with more modern City Styles are very well illustrated in both The Unitrade Specialized Catalogue of Canadian Stamps, and in The Standard 8th Canada Precancel Catalogue. Boggs, Jarrett, Reiche, Walburn and Manley referred to various Precancelled stamps in their own books as well. This presentation was a summation of various statements that each author and/or each Editor made in these various books and catalogues. 101

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  Video (39min)

USA Grill stamps

THE PROCESS THAT LED TO THE 'GRILL' STAMPS OF THE USA

By: HOFMEYR, JAN (2022)

The story of the grills begins in 1865 when Charles Steel of the National Bank Note Company (NBNC) wrote to Alexander Zevely of the USPO, about an idea for a stamp that could not be cleaned and reused. Steel was the NBNC’s operations manager. The NBNC had been awarded the contract to print US postage stamps in 1861; but the USPO wanted, to quote Zevely, “… a stamp from which it (would) be impossible to remove cancelling marks without destroying it.” 100

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  Video (41min)

British Post Office at Bangkok

THE BRITISH CONSULATE POST OFFICE AT BANGKOK FROM 1855 TO 1885

By: HOUDE, MICHEL (2022)

The presentation is based on the author’s book which collates all the information he has discovered from more than 40 years of collecting. He takes a social philately approach to the subject. The presentation looks at the politics, businesses, people, stamps, covers, postmarks, and postal history of the British Consulate Post Office in Bangkok. 099

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  Video 1hr 19min

Thematic - Military

A FRIENDLY INVASION: UNITED STATES FORCES AT CHURCHILL

By: O’Reilly, Kevin (2022)

US Forces had a large presence in Canada during World War II and into the Cold War. Operations in North America were significant in terms of providing supplies to the Allies in Europe. This included the North Atlantic Ferry Route or what became known as the Crimson Project. This presentation and summary are representative of these developments and how the two postal systems, US military and Canadian civilian, worked together in a time of crisis. The focus is on the US Forces at Churchill, Manitoba, Canada. 098

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  Video 36.44min

Newfoundland

NEWFOUNDLAND KING GEORGE VI

By: Gosse, Tom (2022)

All stamps issued between 12 May 1937 and 24 June 1947 are depicted including plate proofs, colour trials, colour proofs, the printing process and postal usage. [160 pages] 097

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Thematic - King George VI

THE KING GEORGE VI LARGE KEY TYPE REVENUE AND POSTAGE HIGH VALUE STAMPS 1937-1953 USED FOR POSTAGE

By: Gosse, Tom (2022)

This exhibit shows the printings and the development of head and frame plate flaws of the high-value revenue and postage stamps issued during the reign of King George VI - known as the 'large key plates.' The exhibit shows proofs, printings, sheets, plate reconstructions, flaws and postal usage for Bermuda, Leeward Islands and Nyasaland Protectorate where the large key plates were used for postal purposes. 096

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Thematic - Japanese Occupation Issues

JAPANESE OCCUPATION OF THE BRITISH TERRITORIES OF SOUTH EAST ASIA DURING WWII

By: Gosse, Tom (2022)

This exhibit depicts stamps and postal history during the occupation of the British Territories of South East Asia by the Japanese Armed Forces during the Second World War (the Pacific War). For purposes of this exhibit only the British Territories of Brunei, Burma, Hong Kong, Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak, and the Thai Occupation of Malaya (based on agreements with Japan) are shown. 095

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THEMATIC

ZEPPELIN MATCHMAKER

By: Ganz, Cheryl (2022)

These are stories of how in her lifetime of collecting she has brought zeppelin items back together after they had been separated for decades.

The presentation includes a story about Germany’s LZ-126, later known as the U.S. Navy’s ZR3 Los Angeles, and its trial flight drop mail. One of the three enclosed items is known. Other stories feature drop mail by the U.S. Navy zeppelin Shenandoah, a LZ-127 Graf Zeppelin stamp die proof, and LZ-129 Hindenburg crash mail. 094

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  Video 40:37 min

GREAT BRITAIN

SEALING LABELS OF UK RETURNED LETTER OFFICES AND BRANCHES

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2022)

The exhibit shows the sealing labels specifically printed for, and used in, the UK Returned Letter Offices and Branches (collectively referred to as RLOs) to return or reissue mail that had been opened or damaged. The exhibit illustrates the circumstances of their use. It starts with the first issue of these labels in 1880 and ends with the last known use of in 1983. 093

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AUSTRALIA

E.L.D.O. AND THE EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY

By: Foot, David K. (2022)

The purpose of this one-frame postal history exhibit is to show the contribution of Australia to the establishment of the European Space Agency. It also illustrates the transition of early post-WWII rocketry from intercontinental missiles to satellite launchers that underlie the modern communication age. In the 1960s, the rocket launch site at Woomera in South Australia was second in activity only to Cape Canaveral in the U.S. The European Launcher Development Organization (E.L.D.O.) was established to develop a satellite launch vehicle for Europe. 092

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NEW ZEALAND

CAMPBELL ISLAND: POSTAL HISTORY OF A SUBANTARCTIC WEATHER STATION

By: Foot, David K. (2022)

This one-frame exhibit presents the postal history of Campbell Island, a UNESCO World Heritage site that lies halfway between New Zealand and Antarctica. After World War II New Zealand converted a coast watching station into a weather station. In 1952 this site was upgraded to a meteorological and research station with postal facilities. The site was closed in 1995. The Officer-In-Charge (OIC) was the designated senior postal official. Campbell Island covers were processed by the OIC and station personnel, often for philatelists during the long winter nights, and went through the mails via New Zealand to destinations worldwide. 091

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CYPRUS

KING GEORGE VI DEFINITIVES CYPRUS USED IN MAKING UP POSTAGE RATES ON AIR MAIL ITEMS

By: Forbes, John (Jack) (2021)

The purpose of this exhibit is to show King George VI adhesive definitives paying, or helping to pay, the postage rates on letters and other items sent by Air Mail, and for ancillary charges such as Registration and Avis Reception, of items going to various countries of the world during the period 1938 to 1955. 090

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Military Postal History

HIS MAJESTY’S CANADIAN SHIP

By: McCarthy, Peter (2021)

There were 106,000 men and women enlisted in the Royal Canadian Navy that served in 1,140 warships during World War II. This included commissioned, non-commissioned vessels, stone frigates (depots), submarines and anything crewed by R.C.N. personnel. The Royal Canadian Navy became the third largest navy in the world. Very little identifiable mail exists. Peter’s presentation deals primarily with identifiable mail to and from personnel serving in small boats. 089

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  Video 54:30 Min

Thematic - King George VI

THE KING GEORGE VI LARGE KEY TYPE REVENUE AND POSTAGE HIGH VALUE STAMPS 1937-1953 THAT WERE USED FOR REVENUE PURPOSES

By: Gosse, Tom (2021)

The large key types were printed by De La Rue and Company (DLR) under contracts with the Crown Agents. These stamps were first introduced in 1908 for the high value stamps of the Nyasaland Protectorate thus they are commonly referred to as the 'large Nyasa type'. This design was used for the high value postal usage for Bermuda, Leeward Islands and Nyasaland.

The large Nyasa type design was used during the KGVI era for revenue-only stamps of Nyasaland, Ceylon, Tanganyika, Uganda, Kenya, Straits Settlements, British Military Administration Malaya (BMA), Singapore, Malacca, and Penang. 088

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THEMATIC

ILLUSTRATED PERMITS USED BY RELIGIOUS GROUPS

By: Covert, Earle L. (2021)

Religious Groups in Canada have many Illustrated Permits. The presentation shows 44 users who have over 550 different permits. No other area has the same diversity. An organization with a bulk mailing agreement with Canada Post downloads the template and adds its artwork and agreement number. These custom indicia are much more appealing to bulk mailers. 087

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  You Tube video (33min)

Great Britain

THE FIRST FOUR

By: Newroth, Peter (2021)

In 1840-1841 Great Britain issued the world's first adhesive postage stamps. The innovation of using stamps to prepay postage combined with lower mailing rates and Post Office reorganization, contributed to rapid improvement of communication, literacy, and commerce. One Penny (Black), Twopence (Blue), One Penny (Red) and Twopence (Blue, lines) stamps are shown with information on their production evolution and usages. 086

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New Brunswick

HISTORY OF THE FREDERICTON POST OFFICE AND ITS POSTMARKS PRE-1900

By: Smith, Ron (2021)

Late in 1783, New England Loyalists after the American War of Independence, sailed from New York to ‘Nova Scotia’. Fredericton was chosen as the location for the capital in 1785. There is reference to a ‘post office’ in Fredericton as early as 1788. Ron looks at Fredericton’s history through the Post Office Buildings, Postmasters, as well as postmarks pre- and post-confederation. 085

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  You Tube video (58min)

Great Britain

UK RESPONSE TO 1 APR 1887 RULE — BILINGUAL REASONS FOR RETURN HANDSTAMPS

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2021)

The purpose of this exhibit is to illustrate the response of the GB Post Office to 1887 UPU rule requiring returned international mail to have the reason for non-delivery indicated by a label or handstamp in French. The label or stamp could also include the reason in another language. After experimenting with labels, the GB Post Office settled on bilingual handstamps applied in the Returned Letter Office, London. A variety of reasons were shown in the handstamps which form the main part of this exhibit. 083

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THEMATIC

GERMAN HOSPITAL SHIP HELGOLAND

By: Houde, Michel (2021)

M.S. Helgoland was a hospital ship chartered by the West German government and operated by the German Red Cross during the Vietnam War. She served from 14 September 1966 to 31 December 1972. Her mission was to help all civilians in need at no cost. By the time her mission ended she had seen 228,000 patients. The Vietnamese called her the "white ship of hope."

GOAL: To illustrate the various types of covers and markings related to the ship especially during its service in South Vietnam as well as her history before and after its Red Cross service. 082

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Thematic - GONE WITH THE WIND

GONE WITH THE WIND: CONTROVERSIAL CLASSIC

By: Mak, Derwin (2021)

This display exhibit is about Gone With the Wind, the famous 1939 film based on the novel by Margaret Mitchell. The exhibit uses stamps, covers, and cancels to show the history of the movie, from the publication of the novel to the Academy Awards of 1940, where it won 9 Oscars. The exhibit also shows the film's controversies, including its depictions of Black/African Americans, the Confederate Lost Cause, and the racially-segregated film premiere in Atlanta. Finally, the exhibit uses a postcard and cover to show Margaret Mitchell's secret and complicated relationship with Morehouse College, a Black university. 081

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New Brunswick

POSTAL HISTORY OF THE NEW BRUNSWICK “CENTS” ISSUE OF 1860

By: Smith, Derek (2021)

As part of the process of moving to a decimal currency system in 1860, the New Brunswick post office had to produce new stamps denominated in “cents” to replace the existing pence values. In December 1859, Charles Connell, the Postmaster General, let a contract to the American Bank Note Company of New York for four values, for delivery by April for usage on 1 May 1860. There was public furor over Connell’s using his image on the 5¢ stamp. He was forced to resign, and the “offending stamp” was withdrawn. Using rare images from various sources Derek examines the postage rates from 15 May 1860, for letters to BNA, to adjacent towns, Newfoundland, the United States and then moves on to transatlantic mail, Bermuda, and the British West Indies. 080

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  You Tube video (54min)

Military - CANADA’S Y-FORCE IN JAMAICA

Y-FORCE Canadian Army in Jamaica 1940-1946

By: White, Owen L. PhD (2021)

This is Dr. White's presentation to the PSSC on 20 November 2013. The "Y” Force regiments were sent by Canada to Jamaica to replace the British garrison which had been withdrawn to the UK to defend the Island. The presentation looks at covers from the four regiments that were sent in turn to Jamaica between 1940 and 1946. Special attention is paid to the Military Censor markings that are found on these covers. 079

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Cyprus

CYPRUS SURFACE MAIL

By: Forbes, John (Jack) (2021)

This exhibit shows King George VI Adhesive Definitives being used to pay, or helping to pay, Surface Postage Rates and any Additional Postal Services, where applicable, in the 1938 to 1955 period. 078

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WWII - EXPORT CONTROL

BRITISH PHILATELIC ASSOCIATION'S INVOLVEMENT IN WWII - EXPORT CONTROL

By: Forbes, John (Jack) (2021)

This exhibit describes the procedures that were put in place during WW II to control philatelic material being exported and imported during the 1940 to 1953 period in the United Kingdom. Reference is made to the number of pieces being dealt with by the B.P.A. organization. 077

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Palestine

SOME UNCOMMON DESTINATIONS FOR MAIL SENT FROM PALESTINE DURING BRITISH OCCUPATION: DECEMBER 1917-MAY 1948.

By: Kroft, Ed (2021)

Ed Kroft, President of The Royal Philatelic Society of Canada, provides an epic adventure around the world in his postal history presentation. There is a discussion of over 150 rare covers sent from Palestine to various uncommon worldwide destinations over a 31-year period. His presentation describes and analyzes covers to over 100 different sovereign states, colonies, territories, and possessions. The presentation whets your appetite for an entertaining mix of history, geography and philately filled with extensive research. 076

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  YouTube video (1h 25min)

Canada

FOREIGN EXCHANGE CONTROL BOARD – 15 Sept 1939 to 14 Dec 1952

By: Godfrey, Eldon (2021)

This presentation documents the role played by Canada Post, its Directors and Postmasters, in assuring compliance with the regulations of the Foreign Exchange Control Board with respect to the flow of foreign exchange through the mail during World War II and seven years thereafter from September 16, 1939 to December 14, 1951. 075

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  YouTube video (1h 14min)

New Republic

NEW REPUBLIC

By: Carswell, Robert (2021)

The New Republic issued stamps in many denominations (over 20), but of those only the 1d and 2d, and possibly 3d and 4d stamps, are known to have been used for postage. The higher denominations, to the extent they were used at all, were used as revenue stamps, and were cancelled by manuscript. Gerrit Jonkers, the pre-eminent authority on these matters, states that stamps of the higher denominations bearing mechanical cancels were probably cancelled to order for philatelists. The New Republic stamps (other than those referred to as “early revenue stamps”) feature the same primitive design. They were hand-stamped, one at a time, almost always in violet ink, on two types of imported paper. Many were embossed (again by hand) with the elaborate arms of the Republic, one stamp at a time. 074

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Australia

QUEENSLAND – A PHILATELIC MISCELLANY

By: Hopper, David (2021)

The first stamps of Queensland were printed in London and issued in 1860. David covers the various printers as well as the stamps they produced. He looks at plate flaws, varieties, Railway Stamps, Stamp Duty issues, Buffalo Fly Control stamps, Swine Sales Stamps, and an eclectic assortment of other postal and related items. 073

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  YouTube video (37min)

Thematic

14th UPU CONGRESS OTTAWA, CANADA 1957

By: McLaughlin, David (2020)

The 1957 UPU Congress was only the second time that it had been held in North America, the first being the Washington Congress, sixty years prior in 1897. The congress was held in the Parliament Buildings and lasted 7 weeks from Aug 14 to Oct 3, 1957. Three hundred and fifty delegates attended from 91 of the 96 UPU member countries. As is customary at UPU meetings, the delegates exchanged presentation booklets with the stamps of their countries. Based on the number of delegates and the number of member countries attending, over 30,000 of these booklets were exchanged at the congress. 072

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  YouTube video (51min)

Norfolk Island

THE POSTAL HISTORY OF NORFOLK ISLAND

By: Foot, David K. (2020)

Norfolk Island is a small sub-tropical island off the east coast of Australia. It first issued stamps in 1947. This display traces the postal history of Norfolk Island from its establishment as an adjunct to the penal settlement in Australia in 1788, through the relocation of the Pitcairn Islanders in 1856 to its administration as a British Colony and an Australian Territory. Items include censored and New Zealand Expeditionary Force mail from World War II, early flight covers, the introduction of decimalization in 1966, official mail and the unique ‘local’ mail. The display is focussed on the years prior to 1980. 071

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  YouTube video (1hr 21min)

Thematic

SUPERMAN, STAMPS, COVERS AND POSTMARKS OF THE MAN OF STEEL!

By: Mak, Derwin (2020)

Derwin is both a comics fan and philatelist. Here he combines his two interests in an exhibit about Superman, the comic book superhero and one of the most famous fictional characters of all time. 070

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  YouTube video (1hr 11min)

Military Postal History

CANADA’S C-FORCE IN HONG KONG

By: Chiu, Sam Ph.D. (2020)

The Postal History of C-Force including the forerunner Y-Force, enroute and arrival in Hong Kong as well as detained, returned and POW mail in Hong Kong and Japan. Philatelic material and ephemera illustrate the social aspects of this chapter in Canadian military history and the Battle of Hong Kong. 069

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  YouTube video (1hr 20min)

Poland

WHY I COLLECT POLAND

By: Hodgson, Joshua (2020)

For the stamps of a country to be collectable certain criteria must be present. Firstly, material must be available and secondly present attainable challenges. With its volume of mail, its participation in three wars, financial catastrophes and a range of political systems Poland meets these requirements. 068

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Great Britain

THE “GOLDEN AGE” OF UK POSTAGE DUE POSTCARDS – TO WORLD WAR ONE

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2020)

This exhibit illustrates the evolving rules as to what was allowed as a postcard and how cards that broke the rules were charged postage due by the UK Post Office. It covers from the start of postcards in the 1870s up to World War One – including the early 1900s - sometimes referred to as the “Golden Age” of postcards. International incoming, outgoing and transit usages are shown together with internal usages. It makes extensive references to the GPU/UPU rules which were initially very restrictive but under intense public pressure were gradually relaxed as private postcards were allowed and eventually in October 1907 all countries allowed messages on half the address side. The exhibit includes a wide variety of infractions of the regulations and destinations and points of origin from around the world. 067

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Military Postal History

RETURN TO SENDER-KILLED IN ACTION

By: White, Owen L. PhD (2020)

The covers in this exhibit reveal the procedures in handling letters received at a Unit and addressed to a Canadian soldier who had been killed in action. Lieutenant James William Hartley was 27 when he was killed by Allied Artillery fire on 18 July 1944. The letters took up to six months to make the journey. 066

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Canada

ARCHIVAL MATERIAL FOR THE MAPLE LEAF ISSUE OF CANADA 1897-1898

By: McLaughlin, David (2020)

Almost 125 years after the Maple Leaf Issue of 1897-1898 was issued, this presentation outlines new discoveries on progressive die proofs and different states on the die and plate proofs. Many items shown vary from only example to less than 5 examples known. 065

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Caribbean

18TH-CENTURY-CARIBBEAN-MAILS

By: Stubens, Frederick Robert (2020)

A study of 85 covers from fourteen Caribbean islands posted predominantly during the 18th century. Dates range from 1698 to 1803. Most are outward mail mainly to France or London. A few examples of inter-island mail are also present. There are seven covers from Antigua from the Codrington Correspondence. 064

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Czechoslovakia

CZECHOSLOVAKIA MACHINE ADVERTISING CANCELS OF THE FIRST REPUBLIC PERIOD

By: Friedenthal, Steven (2020)

This seven-frame exhibit shows the advertising or slogan cancels used by the nascent Czechoslovak Republic to provide information to citizens, promote exhibitions and fairs and raise funds for patriotic efforts. Almost 200 different slogans/advertisements were used over the eighteen year period in over one hundred-fifty offices. Advertisements/slogans exist in Czech and Slovak, and bilingual in Czech with French, German or English. Collecting philately of a country without a common language can be challenging but the research is fun and rewarding. 063

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Australia

AUSTRALIAN STAMP SHOWS: A Centenary of Organized Philately in Australia

By: Foot, David K. (2020)

This display presents the cachets, postmarks, stamps and labels associated with stamp shows over the first century of organized philately in Australia. Stamp shows typically include a dealer bourse and/or a club exhibit, the two groups at the core of organized philately. Australia’s early stamp dealers became established in the 1880s. Australia’s first stamp club, The Royal Philatelic Society of Victoria, was formed in 1887. Over the subsequent 100 years, many local, regional and national stamp shows were organized. This display presents show and related event covers, special postmarks, registration and publicity labels associated with these stamp shows arranged chronologically into four sections. 062

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Canada

CANADA'S FIRST OFFICIAL POSTAL STATIONERY ADVERTISING CARDS

By: Ellis, Christopher J. (2020)

In conjunction with his presentation at the January 2020 meeting of the PSSC in Toronto, Chris Ellis displayed this 16 page exhibit as collateral information. It focuses on postal history aspects of the earliest Canadian stationery cards released in Victoria’s reign that were designed to have printed private advertisements added to the address side. The postal history aspects were only briefly summarized in Chris’ actual presentation to the PSSC which focused more on “social philately” research concerning these cards (a summary of the talk was published in the PSSC newsletter for January 2020). 061

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Rhodesia

REVENUE STAMPS OF THE RHODESIAS 1890s-1950s

By: Hudson, Jim (2020)

This is a 16-page presentation of extraordinary revenue stamps of Rhodesia, South Rhodesia and North Rhodesia. This display contains items that are rarely seen, multiples, items used on documents, shades, proofs and more. 060

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Great Britain

BRITISH UNDERPAID INTERCONTINENTAL AIR MAIL TO WWII

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2019)

This 8-frame exhibit was awarded a large gold medal at CANPEX 2019. It follows the development of commercial air mail services including Imperial Airways and some of its competitors from the first British long distance service, Cairo - Baghdad, to the disruption of commercial aviation by WWII. In particular it shows how the treatment of underpaid air mail between the United Kingdom and Asia, Africa, Australasia and the Americas evolved. 059

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Egypt

EGYPT - POSTA EUROPEA 1843-1865

By: Potter, Victor G. (2019)

A look at some of the handstamps used by this private postal system operating in Egypt prior to it being acquired by the Egyptian Government. 058

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Saint Pierre & Miquelon

SAINT PIERRE & MIQUELON STAMP SHORTAGE OF 1926

By: Taylor, James R. (Jim) (2019)

The reason for the 1926 stamp shortage, particularly the 5 and 30-centime values, is not known. It resulted in unusual combination of available stamps on covers and culminated in issuance of Provisional Handstamps. 057

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Canada

SHADES OF CANADA’S 8 CENTS SMALL QUEENS

By: Forbes, John (Jack) (2019)

The prime intent of this exhibit is to highlight the range of shades that exist for this denomination, and to show them in the chronological order that they first appeared. 056

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Canada

COIN AND CURRENCY IN CANADA BEFORE 1871

By: Laurence, Hugh (2019)

The presentation explains the complicated nature of currency before 1871 which is reflected in the early stamps of Canada. 055

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Canada - Official Perfins

MINISTRY OF FINANCE 5-HOLE OHMS 1923 to 1942

By: Durbano, Patrick (2019)

The presentation focuses on selected usages of the 5-hole OHMS perforated officials. It illustrates postal history and selected stamps. Choice items include: Registered covers to England, a unique Bluenose block of six. Postal Stationery, earliest and latest usages, large multiples, mint items, and more. 054

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Military Postal History

CROSS BORDER USE OF U.S. CIVIL WAR PATRIOTIC COVERS

By: Majors, Ron (2019)

This presentation was given at BNAPEX 2019 on 31 August at the meeting hosted by the PSSC. Over 51,000 Canadians joined the US Civil War conflict, mostly on the Union side, but 1,500 on the Confederate side. Consequently, there are examples of covers with U.S. Civil War patriotic symbols mailed from Canada as well as the Maritime provinces who had their own postal systems during this period (1861-65). In Canadian postal history this was the period of the first decimal issue, resulting in some highly appealing frankings, as well as stampless letters which were still valid during this period. Besides showing attractive covers, Ron provides background to the conflict through maps, illustrations and chronologies. 053

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Canada

THE POST OFFICE IN TORONTO TO 1901

By: Portch, Garfield (2019)

The presentation runs from 1797, when William Willcocks became the first postmaster in York, through to 1900 when the first postal station was established in Toronto. It comprises historical back ground including the 1837 rebellion, the post masters, the various post offices and branch offices using historic letters, cancellations, markings and noteworthy facts. 052

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Topical - Biology

THE EYE – A Philatelic Study

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL (2019)

The 430 page study covers the blind in society and at work as well as the services and educational institutions serving their needs. It explores prevention, treatment, research, optical aids, services including artificial eyes, guide dogs and more. Furthermore the forms of communication, the braille alphabet, methods to ease correspondence and postal concessions for the blind are examined and much more using 750 artifacts. See the table of contents. 051

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Military Postal History

MILITARY TORONTO - A COLLECTION OF MILITARY AND MILITARY RELATED MATERIALS THAT ARE FROM, TO OR THROUGH TORONTO.

By: Livermore, P. Charles (2019)

From the War of 1812 through to WWII Canada or Canadians have fought in 13 conflicts. The presentation examines a number of related philatelic items and their connection to Toronto. 050

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Poland

AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN CENSOR MARKS ON MAIL FROM POLAND 1914-1918

By: Piotrowski, Jerry (2019)

The presentation deals with censored mail during WWI from and to Galicia. From 1867 Galicia was an ethnic Pole-administered autonomous crown land until its dissolution in 1918. Galicia was about a quarter the area of present day Poland covering territory in the south east. 049

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Canada

THE CANADA ENVELOPE COMPANY

By: Vogel, R. D. (2019)

Caneco (Canada Envelope Company) had one of the longest involvements in the Canadian first day cover field from 1954 until 1984. Some of their clients utilized Caneco cachets and information inserts modified to promote their own businesses. 048

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Canada

THE AUTOMATION OF POSTAGE DISPENSING

By: Bartlet, Dave (2019)

A look at the history of stamp vending machines used in Canada. 047

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Canada - Postal rates

THE HOUSEHOLDER RATE | LE TAUX DE PROPRIÉTAIRE

By: McLaughlin, David (2018)

The Householder rate was introduced in 1889 Postal Guide. The presentation covers the payment methods, uses both legal & illegal, rate changes, formats and ends with why to collect this area. 046

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Canada

CANADA, THE 1972 - 1977 DEFINITIVE ISSUE (CARICATURE & LANDSCAPES)

By: McCarthy, Peter (2018)

A look at fluorescence, pre-cancelled, errors, usage, rates, etc. 045

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Thematics - Exhibiting

DEMONSTRATING PHILATELIC KNOWLEDGE, AND PERSONAL STUDY AND RESEARCH, IN THEMATIC EXHIBITS

By: Piercey, David FRPSC (2018)

In addition showing attempts to influence scores in Rarity/Difficulty of Acquisition. 044

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Topical - Meteorology

WEATHER BY MAIL

By: Houde, Michel (2018)

A fun examination of the means, official and fanciful, used to transmit weather information and forecasts by mail. 043

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Bolivia - Airmail

Development of Bolivian Airmail 1905-1945

By: Freeman, Sandy (2018)

The Andean landlocked county of Bolivia had poorly developed land routes with no airmail nor transportation services. Despite a difficult topography, aviation offered an opportunity to improve communications and to unite the local and immigrant populations. Post WWI, Germany was looking beyond Europe for the re-establishment of its commerce and industry. Bolivia was promising as it was free of British and French dominations. The German immigrant population was also a serendipitous bonus! 042

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Topical - Anthems

O CANADA! A PERSONAL INTERPRETATION

By: Houde, Michel (2018)

This presentation traces the individuals and steps involved in the adoption of "0 Canada!" as the Canadian national anthem on 1 July 1980. The English followed by the French lyrics are give a personal philatelic interpretation. 041

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Ukraine

PROVISIONAL UKRAINIAN POSTAGE STAMPS OF THE 1990's

By: Stelmacovich, Mark (2018)

This is tariff 1 regular international airmail posted 18 June 1992, cities of Kyiv to Silver Spring Maryland USA. The cover stamps are from a group locally issued by the city of Kyiv, but nationally recognised due to the importance as the first issued overprints to be nationally sanctioned and to the Ukrainian symbolism. The franking of overprints and stationery stamp image met the total required in era 5 Karbovantsiv fee (comparable to 5 dollars). 040

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Topical - Flags

SYMBOLS OF CANADA: THE MAPLE LEAF & THE FLAG

By: Houde, Michel (2018)

The presentation chronicles the flags flown over Canada through the centuries, the unfolding of the Maple Leaf as the national symbol, the evolution of the Maple Leaf Flag and its use in Canada and overseas along with the Maple Leaf as Canadian icons. 039

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Poland

POSTAL HISTORY OF BAYFIELD, ONTARIO TO 1975

By: Dziemianczuk, Wladyslaw (2018)

Bayfield, Ontario is located on the eastern shore of Lake Huron. It was founded in 1832 by Carel Lodewijk Baron van Serooskerken, a Dutch nobleman and named after Admiral Henry Wolsey Bayfield of the Royal Navy. 038

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Topical - Nuclear

PROJECT CHARIOT – ATOMIC BOMBS FOR HARBOUR BUILDING?

By: Houde, Michel (2018)

On June 19, 1957, the United States originated Operation Plowshare to investigate the peaceful use of nuclear explosives for terrestrial engineering. Dr. Edward Teller, the 'father of the hydrogen bomb' suggested the blasting of a harbour at Cape Thompson, Alaska despite there being no practical use for it. On June 9th, 1958, the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) accepted his idea and it became known as “Project Chariot.” 037

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Great Britain

NASTY WARS OF THE 2nd HALF OF THE 20th CENTURY UNDELIVERABLE UK MAIL

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2018)

From the end of WWII there has been no major conflict between the world powers. However, war has been continuous in many regional conflicts and civil wars. This exhibit shows a representative sample of mail from, or to, the UK that could not be delivered due to a variety of conflicts in a range different geographic regions. 036

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Topical - Biography

A PHILATELIC NARRATION OF THE LIFE & CAREER OF MAJOR RICHARD PATTINSON AN ALMOST FORGOTTEN CANADIAN 1809-1875

By: Houde, Michel (2018)

This is a biographical display based on stamps, covers and documents. Major Richard Pattinson was born in Canada in 1809, orphaned at age 9, raised in Scotland, chose a military career, retired to Canada, reenlisted for the Crimean War, was the Governor of Heligoland and retired to France where he passed away. 035

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New Zealand

NEW ZEALAND MARINE POST OFFICE MARKINGS 1923 TO 1938

By: Welsh, Don (2018)

In November, 1923 mail agents were assigned to the ships of the Union Steamship Company of New Zealand operating between New Zealand and North America. Twenty-one covers display the circular date stamps of the seven Marine P.O. vessels, and examples of all the ten obliterators used. 034

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Topical - Currencies

DUAL CURRENCY

By: Houde, Michel (2018)

In the last 150 years, various postal administrations have seen the necessity to display two currency values on their postal material. The reasons for doing this are that (1) two currencies are in use (2) to avoid confusion as to value or (3) to acquaint the public to a pending change in currency. 033

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Australia

AUSTRALIAN ROCKET MAIL 1934-1937

By: Foot, David K. (2018)

This display shows covers and labels from all ten rocket mail experiments by the Queensland Air Mail Society over 1934-7. It includes complete souvenir sheets of the associated Cinderella labels. Also included in the write up are extracts from newspaper reports, contemporaneous photos and postcards, and signatures of the principal participants. 032

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Topical - Animals

NORTH AMERICAN BEAVER

By: Houde, Michel (2018)

Castor Canadensis – description, habitat, effects, commerce and symbolism of the North American beaver. 031

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Hong Kong

CHINESE AND THE HONG KONG POST OFFICE

By: Wilson, John (2018)

The habits of Chinese speakers using the mail in Hong Kong are little understood. There were letter-writing and carriage services outside the government mails and only a portion of this great volume of correspondence ever went through a post office! In this one colony, the British had to adapt to serve their citizens in their first language. 030

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British Solomon Islands

SHORT PAID MAIL TO, FROM, AND WITHIN THE SOLOMON ISLANDS 1907-1978

By: Kimmerly, Ian (2018)

A look a short paid mail in six categories including oddities. 029

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Greece

FLYING MERCURY ISSUES OF GREECE July 1, 1901 to 1911

By: Wright, Ted (2018)

A look at this issue the design of which is based on a statue created by the Italian sculptor Giovanni da Bologna. The stamps and their use are examined. 028

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France

LES ETOILES DE PARIS 1852- 1876

By: Nixon, Ted (2018)

Paris star cancellations were obliterators used to deface the stamp on mail from Paris, France from 1852-1876. A look at some of the types and usages. 027

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Topical - Re-Entries

AN INTRODUCTION TO RE-ENTRIES

By: Trimble, Ralph E. FRPSC (2018)

A guided tour of many of the re-entries that appear in the Unitrade Specialized Catalogue of Canadian Stamps starting with the pence issues. Plus, an explanation of items mistaken for re-entries. 026

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Great Britain

GOSPORT TAXE MARKS – THE BRITISH POST OFFICE MAKES A MISTAKE

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2018)

A mistake was made and, much to the surprise of the local postmaster, a set of taxe marks intended for an International Office of Exchange were sent to Gosport, a small coastal town near Portsmouth. 025

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Great Britain

DETAINED FOR POSTAGE NOTICES OF THE BRITISH POST OFFICE 1790 – c1875

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2018)

Pre GPU Problem for Foreign Mail: Each Post Office that handled a letter had to be paid for the transmission of each letter. Many postal agreements did not require the delivering Post Office to collect postage due from the recipients and transmit it to the sending or intermediate Post Offices. What to do if the British postage is not prepaid? Return to sender 024

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Haiti

SAINT DOMINGUE THE POSTAL HISTORY UNTIL 1803

By: Stubens, Frederick R. (2018)

The western third of the Island of Hispaniola was ceded by Spain to France in 1697 and named Saint Domingue. After a long fight, it declared its independence on 1 January 1804 and was renamed Haiti the first independent country in the Caribbean. The routing of 18th Century mail from 1716 onwards from 23 post offices is examined. The five frame displays letters related to the insurrection which led to independence. 023

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Military Postal History

LIFE OF A TRIPLE ALLIANCE POW IN A TRIPLE ENTENTE REGIME

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL (2018)

A look at WWI POW camps, types of mail including mail to hospitals and mail exchanged between camps. Camps in various places including Honshu Island, Isle of Man, South Africa, India, Russia and Austria. 022

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Topical - Stamps that smell

AROMATIC STAMPS - SMELL MY STAMPS!

By: Houde, Michel (2018)

A fun look at stamps that have a distinctive smell added to them ranging from flowers, nature, food and perfume. 021

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Hawaii

PROOF THAT THE “GRINNELL MISSIONARIES” ARE FORGERIES

By: Longley, Bill (2018)

A detailed examination of the ornament separating “13” and “Cents” and of the “central heart” in the left side ornaments show characteristics that may prove the “Grinnell Missionaries” are forgeries and that a genuine Missionary stamp in Grinnell’s possession was used as a model. 020

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Great Britain

UNDERPAID INTERNATIONAL MAIL - GPU TO WWI, OUT OF, INTO AND THROUGH GREAT BRITAIN

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2018)

The General (later Universal) Postal Union (1875) improved the coordination of international mail This 80-page exhibit shows the practices of the British Post Office in interpreting Union rules for underpaid mail and the Taxe marks used by the British Post Office, as required by Union regulations. The franc of the Latin Monetary Union provided a stable reference for international postal accounts including postage due indications. WWI ended this period of stability and progress. 019

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Hong Kong

HONG KONG - KING GEORGE VI - A STAMP INTERRUPTED BY WAR

By: Nessel, Ingo (2018)

An examination of the Hong Kong 8 cents King George VI stamp in all its aspects and usage. 018

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Italy - Postal History

REPUBLIC OF VENICE 1379-1797

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL (2018)

Postal services were provided in Venice by three main methods: Ducal couriers, private messengers (including mainland coachmen), and by incoming vessels. Several routes into and from the City were also covered by postillions belonging to other states and cities. There were no postal fee markings in this period. This study covers: 1. Mails within the Venetian conurbation, 2. Mails within the Venetian Republic, 3. Mails within the Italian States, and 4. Mails to and from foreign destinations, including dominions. 017

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Topical - Language

SIGN LANGUAGE

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL Past Chairman Commission for Youth Philately, Federation International de Philatelie (2018)

A philatelic look at the non-verbal communication of sign language. 016

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Topical - Communications

THE MEDIUM IS THE MESSAGE” A PHILATELIST’S LOOK AT MARSHALL MCLUHAN’S THESIS

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL (2018)

Today, we are inundated with messages by all kinds of means. One of these are newspapers which are just large letters prepaid by the recipient for the right to unfold them. It is the same process we use in handling mail. This is exactly what Marshall McLuhan said in his study of communications: The Medium Is The Message. Newspapers are the subject of those revenue collectors who study their taxation. The distribution of printed press relies heavily on the postal systems and is thus a legitimate philatelic collecting entity. 015

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Postal History

PNEUMATIC POST - AN INTRODUCTION

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL (2018)

The concept of moving mail through underground tubes was introduced in London, England by William Murdoch in 1836 for the transmission of telegrams. The presentation looks at the pneumatic post in: Berlin, Buenos Aires, Munich, Paris, Prague, Rome, USA [Boston, Chicago, New York] and Vienna. 014

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Military Postal History

PRISONERS OF WAR MAIL, WORLD WAR I PERIOD

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL (2018)

This six-fame presentation focuses on the social aspect of life of prisoners of war, their families and agencies, involved in assisting them. 013

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Military Postal History

GERMAN MILITARY MAIL IN CHINA 1900-1906

By: White, Owen L. PhD (2018)

A presentation examining the postal facilities available to the German military during the Boxer Rebellion from 1900 to 1906. 012

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Topical - Language

YOUTH AND PHILATELY LANGUAGES AND CULTURE: JAPANESE & CHINESE

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL, Chairman Commission for Youth Philately Federation International de Philatelie (2018)

Stamp collecting should not be restricted to study and research … but should also include the sheer pleasure derived from abstract thoughts and arrangements. The study of languages and cultures … could be an entry to the world of collecting and learning. This method provides hours of fun by captivating the attention of a person. 011

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Topical - Language

YOUTH AND PHILATELY LANGUAGES AND CULTURE: INDIAN, LATIN & HEBREW

By: Madesker,Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL, Chairman Commission for Youth Philately Federation International de Philatelie (2018)

Stamp collecting should not be restricted to study and research … but should also include the sheer pleasure derived from abstract thoughts and arrangements. The study of languages and cultures … could be an entry to the world of collecting and learning. This method provides hours of fun by captivating the attention of a person. 010

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South Africa

ORANGE FREE STATE FORCES OFFICIAL MAIL, CACHETS AND FREE FRANKING LABELS 1892-1900

By: Bartshe,Timothy (2018)

A study of the various postal methods of communication for the police and military forces of the Republic including cachets in lieu of postage on official mail and franks produced for the Police Force’s and Commando’s use after the War broke out on 11 October 1899. 009

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Bangkok

BANGKOK B-OVERPRINTS

By: Houde, Michel (2018)

A primer to the problematic Bangkok Bs a collecting area loved by fakers. 008

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Topical - Communications

NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATIONS - SEA MAIL AN INTRODUCTION

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL (2018)

Letters from 1837 onwards are described to demonstrate how mail was carried by ships and submarines in an effort for people to communicate. 007

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Topical - Biography

A PHILATELIC NARRATION OF A HUMAN LIFE

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL (2018)

The title reflects the common traits of all people. While we are individuals with divergent goals and aspirations, the patterns of life are both similar and interchangeable. We are all born; we live and we die; everything else is incidental. This "biographical” presentation is based on documents pertaining to life cycles and letters written by various people on matters affecting their lives. The imaginary person, or rather the composite created by the presenter, lived in the 19th century North America affected by struggles for daily existence, battling disease, subject to political upheavals and wars. The letters reflect family relationships, mores of the times and anecdotal diversions. Liberty was taken to include materials from several countries and to transgress the boundaries of the period, both to make the narrative more fluid. 006

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Topical - Communications

NON-VERBAL COMMUNICATIONS - THE MORSE CODE

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL (2018)

The Morse Code (alphabet) is transmitted by means of electro-magnetic or sound and light impulses. Messages are based on a system of dots, dashes and spaces. Correct usage depends on the proficiency of the operator. "Conversations" at 20 to 30 words per minute are quite common. 005

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Topical - Biography

A SAILOR IS COMING HOME TO REST

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL (2018)

JAMES RAY TEMPLETON, a Navy reservist since 1942, was transferred to Active Duty in April 194. On November 19, 1943 he was washed aboard and presumed drowned. His body was recovered after an intensive search and he was buried on Saturday, June 20, 1944. 004

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Topical - Communications

OVERVIEW OF THE EARLY TELEGRAPH SERVICE IN CANADA

By: Madesker, Michael MA, RDP, FRPSC, FRPSL (2018)

This presentation highlights the introduction and development of telegraphic service in Canada starting in 1851. It covers the invention of the telegraph in the 1830s and the major telegraph companies that pioneered the service in Canada. [Part of Michael Madesker’s Non-Verbal Communications theme.] 003

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Great Britain

LONDON CANCELS DURING THE VICTORIAN PERIOD

By: Mather, Michael (2018)

The purpose of this exhibit is to trace the development of London postage obliterators from the Maltese Cross to the relatively sophisticated machine applied Duplex cancels and the combined Date and Obliterator cancels of the final decade of the nineteenth century. 002

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Great Britain

UK TAXE MARKS AND THEIR OFFICES OF USE IN THE CENTIMES ERA

By: Snelson, Kenneth (2018)

This exhibit illustrates the 'T' marks used by the United Kingdom post office from 1875 to 1965. Most mail was taxed in London but many other Offices of Exchange taxed mail. 001

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